Seven years into the conflict in Syria, the situation on the ground continues to be dire. Those most affected by the conflict are civilians. Too many have lost their homes, their livelihoods and loved ones. Millions of Syrians have fled to neighboring countries.
Today, Turkey continues to host the world’s largest refugee population with nearly 4 million Syrians living within its borders and another 315,000 seeking international protection. That is more than the number of people who live in the city of Rome.
At the onset of the conflict, the Turkish government welcomed its fleeing Syrian neighbours and provided temporary protection status following the 2014 adoption of the Law on Foreigners and International Protection. Today, 72 per cent of Syrians under temporary protection in Turkey are women and children.
Despite the measures provided by the Turkish government, vulnerable migrants and refugees continue to face challenges that affect their access to services such as a language barrier, distance, lack of awareness and insufficient resources. Too many Syrians struggle to find meaningful and sustainable employment, impacting their ability to cover their basic needs.
For five years, IOM Turkey has provided direct humanitarian assistance to meet the immediate needs of refugees inside Turkey. As the crisis continued, IOM has scaled up its services to meet the challenges posed by this protracted crisis. IOM Turkey’s programmes provide for Syrian’s basic needs and expanded to focus on protection and resilience support to both the Syrian and their Turkish host communities.