All refugees are migrants, but not all migrants are refugees. Different people use different definitions of refugee. In the broadest sense, it refers to someone who is seeking refuge, a place of safety.
Number of refugees resettled by IOM Turkey
Resettlement is a sometimes unrecognized yet compelling instrument and symbol of international solidarity and burden sharing to find a durable solution for refugees who are unable to return to their country of origin for fear of continued persecution and do not have the option to stay in their country of asylum.
How Resettlement Works:
IOM works closely with governments, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), non-government organizations and other partners. The process begins with UNHCR who identifies, interviews and submits refugee cases to countries for resettlement consideration. IOM has cooperative agreements with these countries to provide specific resettlement service which may include: Case processing, Health Assessments, Pre-Departure Orientation and Movement. Upon arrival, resettlement countries provide refugees with legal and physical protection, including access to civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights similar to those enjoyed by nationals. Most refugees eventually become naturalized citizens of their country of resettlement.
What IOM does in Turkey.
IOM Turkey handles resettlement programs for the refugees and
migrants to more than 20 countries including the USA, Canada, Australia and
European Union countries. Programs are funded by a number of donors in relevant
countries, including the US State Department, Canadian Immigration Services,
and the Australian Government. The US Refugee Program (USRAP) is one of the
largest continuing activities of IOM and currently operates in over 40
USA - IOM facilitates
resettlement to the United States under the USRAP in close cooperation with the
Turkish authorities, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
and the Resettlement Support Center (RSC), run by International Catholic Migration
Commission (ICMC) in Turkey who provide information to migrants about life in
the United States.
Canada - IOM Turkey provides
assistance to refugees accepted under the Canada Refugees Program, in addition
to families seeking reunification. With the support of the Embassy of Canada,
IOM provides Canadian Orientation Abroad (COA) sessions to migrants accepted
for resettlement to Canada. COA, funded by Citizenship and Immigration
Canada, provides migrants of all categories accurate information about life in
Canada and helps migrants to develop realistic expectations regarding their
settlement in Canada and provides transportation arrangements to Canada bound
Australia - On behalf of the Government of Australia, IOM provides transportation arrangements, assists with pre-departure medical screenings, to ensure that refugees and special humanitarian entrants to Australia are medically able to travel. IOM also provides Australian Cultural Orientation (AUSCO) courses to all applicants accepted under the program. IOM assists refugees to fill visa application forms to Australia after they have been referred by UNHCR
United Kingdom On behalf of the UK Government, IOM does
medical health assessments, provides UK Cultural Orientation classes, pre-departure
medical screenings and transportation arrangements to the refugees.
Europe In addition to
transportation arrangements, IOM Turkey provides cultural orientation training,
health assessments and pre-departure medical screenings for several European
countries, as required by specific counties programs. When migrants first move to a new place, the
hardest part is often integration. When language and cultural backgrounds are
diverse, this integration can be even more challenging. Cultural orientation programs help refugees
and host communities learn about each other. Integration works best when
refugees and host communities both have a good understanding of each others
expectations, as well as their cultural practices, similarities and differences.
Other Movement Assistance
IOM Turkey also provides onsite transit assistance to migrants travelling with IOMs assistance. IOM Turkey works closely with Turkish airport authorities to ensure the smooth and timely transfer of passenger through Istanbuls Ataturk International Airport. IOMs transit assistance provides an extra level of security to migrants on the move. From the time they land to the time they board the flight, IOM is there to ensure the migrant safely continues on his journey.